When we will start doing promotions online, all digital marketers will definitely be familiar with the word Googling or Search Engine . This topic is one of the favorite topics when it comes to business opportunities that can be obtained when our business site has been optimized for search engines.
This article aims to reveal to you what a search engine is? how does it work? and what we need to do to get the maximum benefit from it as business people or marketers.
What is a search engine ?
In general, Indonesian digital marketers will connect the word search engine with search engine services from Google. It seems that the branding is not wrong, because according to the statscounter.com site, Google controls most of the market share of search engine users in Indonesia, more than 98%.
But actually, there are many search engines or web browsers in Indonesia besides Google.
The first search engine in the world is Archie , launched in 1990 by Alan Emtage, who was then a student at McGill University in Montreal, United States. The name Archie itself is an abbreviation of the English “Archives ” which means file. Google itself was actually launched only 8 years later, namely 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin and currently continues to develop into the most popular search engine in the World.
Search Engine Functions and Benefits
According to the official explanation from Wikipedia , a web search engine or web search engine is a computer program designed to search for files stored on www (world wide web), ftp, mailing list publications, or news groups on one or a number of server computers. in a network.
From the above definition, the search engine function was originally used to provide information from the database that is owned. Even though it seems simple, in practice it is not the case, because it takes hundreds of algorithms just to determine the interests and intentions of the information seeker.
In line with the development of technology, big data, artificial intelligence and machine learning. The benefits of search engines, which were only used as web document explorers, have now become highly developed with powerful features such as Answering questions and providing recommendations.
Even in many cases of searching on the internet, many Google users end up not browsing the recommended sites, because in the search results, Google can immediately answer their needs.
Search engine alternatives to Google
Apart from Google, here are 4 alternative search engines that occupy the top 5 market share for internet users in Indonesia.
Bing (bing.com, Market Share 0.46% as of August 2020 *)
Developed by Microsoft, which previously developed other search engines, namely Live Search and MSN Search, after purchasing a search technology called PowerSet. Bing’s ability is quite capable because searches can be done for Sites, Images, News Sites, and Xrank (search based on user behavior)
July 29, 2009, Microsoft and Yahoo announced to the public that Bing is also the basic engine of the Yahoo Search service.
Yahoo Search (search.yahoo.com, Market Share 0.79% *)
Yahoo was originally developed more as a Web Directory and not as a search engine. However, cooperation with Microsoft in 2009 made Yahoo also an alternative search engine used in Indonesia. Yahoo’s strong branding strength makes Yahoo Search have a bigger market share than Bing even though it uses the same search algorithm
Yandex Search (yandex.com, Market Share 0.3% *)
Yandex is a Russian-based company that also develops a web search engine that focuses on realtime searches such as news sites. In 2009 Yandex launches Net Matrix technology, a machine learning method ( machine learning ) is considered able to compete with the technology developed by Google. In Russia alone, the use of Yandex Search has exceeded 60%.
Duckduck Go (duckduckgo.com, Market Share 0.19% *)
Of all the search engines written in this article, duckduckgo is an example of a search engine that offers a very unique user experience as a private search engine . Duckduckgo promises they do not collect personal information, browser data, only IP addresses are also hidden in encrypted technology. Launched on February 29, 2008, duckduckgo currently processes more than 50 million searches every day.
With its uniqueness in the algorithm developed by search engines. It’s a good idea to try yourself, which algorithm best answers your search.
How Do Search Engines Work?
The way search engines work in general is through 3 stages, namely Crawling , Indexing , and Ranking .
In the Crawling phase , the search engine will activate a web browser application to view the data structure and links on the site. Links on the site, both internally and externally will serve as a reference for future search destinations. This search application is usually also known as a Crawler or Spider .
The next phase is Indexing , which is the collection of all data from search results in one location, this is where the BIG Data is from each search engine.
The last phase is the ranking (algorithm) phase, which is the phase where search engines get requests for information (usually called queries ) by users and the search engine algorithms will try to provide information according to the information requests needed. Especially for Google, it is currently claimed that there are more than 200 algorithms to determine what information is displayed when Google users perform searches.
Google Search Engine Features
In the Google search engine, as of 2020, there are at least 16 features in 4 categories to help users find the information they need. The 4 categories are
- Rich Snippets , to visually clarify information. One form is a star review)
- Paid Result, to display Google Ads ads
- Universal Results, to display document search results in a different format other than site references, for example image search results, article fragments (commonly called snippets)
- Knowledge Graph, an explanation panel that is usually found on the right of search results.
Following are the features of the popular Google Search Engine
Google Ads (Top or Bottom / Above or Below search results)
Showing Google SEM Ads
Shows Google Shopping ads
Also called Zero (0) Position, it displays a summary of the solution from the search results
People Also Ask
For related questions while doing a search
Local Map Pack
Shows reviews of popular food recipes as per search
Displays videos relevant to the search
displays relevant images according to search
Displays the latest news according to search
Provides General Information in Search Results
Business Information from Google My Business or Trusted Sites Like Wikipedia
Optimization for search engines
To be recommended by search engines, webmasters or site owners, usually make a series of efforts to make the resulting web pages more relevant to the target market. This optimization activity is usually known as SEO (Search Engine Optimization) .
Broadly speaking, this activity optimizes the Crawling, Indexing, and Ranking phases. Google never gives definite steps on how a site can be optimized to increase the ranking of the top position in search results on Google. But broadly speaking, the resulting site must have the following criteria:
- Become a solution for Google users
- Well-Structured and Easy to use (Usability) – On Page SEO
- Has no technical problems (Error) – Technical SEO
- From reliable sources (not hoaxes) and get references from other trusted sites ( Off page SEO )
For discussions about SEO, you can join the community of business people and marketers at Standout Digital by clicking the following link .
If you want to discuss with the Doxadigital team, about how SEO can play a role in improving your business performance, visit our seo services page or contact us a